Publications: Solar Geoengineering  (SRM)


177. Debra K. Weisenstein, David W. Keith, and John A. Dykema. (2015).  Solar geoengineering using solid aerosol in the stratosphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15: 11835-11859, doi:10.5194/acp-15-11835-2015.

176. Joshua B. Horton, Andrew Parker, and David Keith. (2015). Liability for Solar Geoengineering: Historical Precedents, Contemporary Innovations, and Governance PossibilitiesNYU Environmental Law Journal, 22: 225-273.

175. David Keith and Andy Parker. (2015). Will solar geoengineering help us manage the risks of climate change? Our world and us: How our environment and our societies will change, Ed Katinka Barysch, Allianz SE, Munich, 76-92.

174. David W. Keith and Douglas G. MacMartin. (2015) A temporary, moderate and responsive scenario for solar geoengineeringNature Climate Change, DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2493.

Jason J. Blackstock, Neil Craik, Jack Doughty, and Joshua Horton. (2015). Designing Procedural Mechanisms for the Governance of Solar Radiation Management Field Experiments: Workshop Report.

Joshua B. Horton.  (2015).  The Emergency Framing of Solar Geoengineering: Time for a Different Approach.  The Anthropocene Review.

Jana Sillmann, Timothy M. Lenton, Anders Levermann, Konrad Ott, Mike Hulme, Francois Benduhn, and Joshua B. Horton.  (2015).  Climate Emergencies Do Not Justify Engineering the Climate.  Nature Climate Change.


173. John A. Dykema, David W. Keith, James G. Anderson, and Debra Weisenstein. (2014). Stratospheric controlled perturbation experiment (SCoPEx): a small-scale experiment to improve understanding of the risks of solar geoengineering. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.

172. MacMartin, D. G., K. Caldeira, and D. W. Keith. (2014). Solar geoengineering to limit rates of changePhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.

171. Keith, D. W., R. Duren and D. G. MacMartin. (2014). Field experiments on solar geoengineering: report of a workshop exploring a representative research portfolioPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.

169. Kravitz, B., D. G. MacMartin, A. Robock, P.J. Rasch, K.L. Ricke, J.N.S. Cole, C.L. Curry, P.J. Irvine, D. Ji, D. W. Keith, J.E. Kristjánsson, J.C. Moore, H. Muri, B. Singh, S. Tilmes, S. Watanabe, S.Yang, and J.-H. Yoon. (2014). A multi-model assessment of regional climate disparities caused by solar geoengineeringEnvironmental Research Letters, 9, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074013.

168. MacMartin, D. G., B. Kravitz, and D. W. Keith. (2014). Geoengineering: the world’s largest control problemProceedings, American Control Conference: 2401-2406.

Joshua B. Horton. (2014). Solar Geoengineering: Reassessing Benefits, Costs, and CompensationEthics, Policy & Environment.


167. David Keith. (2013). A Case for Climate Engineering, A Boston Review Book, MIT Press.

166. J. B. Horton, A. Parker and D. Keith. (2013). Solar Geoengineering and the Problem of LiabilityGeoengineering Our Climate Working Paper and Opinion Article Series, Opinion Article.

165. D. G. MacMartin, B. Kravitz, D. W. Keith and A. Jarvis. (2013). Dynamics of the coupled human-climate system resulting from closed-loop control of solar geoengineering.Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1822-9.

163. E. A. Parson and D. W. Keith. (2013). End the Deadlock on Governance of Geoengineering ResearchScience339: 1278-1279. doi:10.1126/science.1232527.

161. D. W. Keith and A. Parker. (2013). The fate of an engineered planetScientific American308: 34-36.

157. W. Carr, C. Preston, L. Yung, D. W. Keith, B. Szerszynski and A. Mercer. (2013). Public Engagement on Solar Radiation Management and Why it Needs to Happen NowNature Climate Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0763-y. 


159. J. McClellan, D. W. Keith and J. Apt. (2012). Cost analysis of stratospheric albedo modification delivery systemsEnvironmental Research Letters7: 034019 (8pp). doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034019.

158.1. D. G. MacMartin, D. W. Keith, B. Kravitz and K. Caldeira. (2012). Managing tradeoffs in geoengineering through optimal choice of non-uniform radiative forcingNature Climate Change3: 365-368.

 155. K. L. Ricke, D. Rowlands, W. J. Ingram, D. W. Keith and M. G. Morgan. (2012). Effectiveness of stratospheric solar radiation management as a function of climate sensitivityNature Climate Change2: 92-96. doi:10.1038/nclimate1328.

117. J. B. Moreno-Cruz and D. W. Keith. (2012). Climate Policy under Uncertainty: A Case for GeoengineeringClimatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0487-4.  


158. S. R. J. Long, J. G. Anderson, K. Caldeira, J. Chaisson, D. Goldston, S. Hamburg, D. Keith, R. Lehman, F. Loy, G. Morgan, D. Sarewitz, T. Schelling, J. Shepherd, D. Victor, D. Whelan and D. E. Winickoff. (2011). Task Force on Climate Remediation Research. Bipartisan Policy Center. 

150. A. M. Mercer, D. W. Keith and J. D. Sharp. (2011). Public understanding of Solar Radiation ManagementEnvironmental Research Letters6: 044006 (9pp). doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/044006.

131. J. Moreno-Cruz, K. Ricke and D. W. Keith. (2011). A simple model to account for regional inequalities in the effectiveness of solar radiation managementClimatic Change110: 649-668. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0103-z. 

128. D. G. MacMynowski, H.-J. Shin, K. Caldeira and D. W. Keith. (2011). Can we test geoengineering? Energy and Environmental Science4: 5044-5052. doi:10.1039/C1EE01256H. 


 132. K. Caldeira and D. W. Keith. (2010). The Need for Climate Engineering ResearchIssues in Science and Technology, 27: 57-62.

127. J. R. Pierce, D. K. Weisenstein, P. Heckendorn, T. Peter and D. W. Keith. (2010). Efficient formation of stratospheric aerosol for climate engineering by emission of condensible vapor from aircraftGeophysical Research Letters37: L18805. doi:10.1029/2010GL043975.

125. D. W. Keith, E. Parsons and M. G. Morgan. (2010). Research on global sun block needed nowNature463: 426-427.

96. D. W. Keith. (2010). Photophoretic levitation of engineered aerosols for geoengineeringProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences107: 16428-16431.


119. J. J. Blackstock, D. S. Battisti, K. Caldeira, D. M. Eardley, J. I. Katz, D. W. Keith, A. A. N. Patrinos, D. P. Schrag, R. H. Socolow and S. E. Koonin. (2009). Climate Engineering Responses to Climate Emergencies. Novim. Santa Barbara CA.

118. J. Shepherd, K. Caldeira, J. Haigh, D. Keith, B. Launder, G. Mace, G. MacKerron, J. Pyle, S. Rayner, C. Redgwell, P. Cox and A. Watson. (2009). Geoengineering the climate - Science, governance and uncertainty. The Royal Society. London UK.


50. D. W. Keith. (2002). Geoengineering - die technologische Gestaltung des Planeten Erde. W. Hauser Klima. Das Experiment mit dem Planeten Erde, Munich, Germany: Deutsche Museum. 

45. D. W. Keith. (2002). Geoengineering the Climate: History and Prospect. R. G. Watts Innovative Energy Stratagies for CO2 Stabilization, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. (This is a reprint of #26)

44. D. W. Keith. (2002). Geoengineering. A. S. Goudie Encyclopedia of Global Change, New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


41. D. W. Keith. (2001). Geoengineering and carbon management: Is there a meaningful distinction?. D. Williams, B. Durie, P. McMullan, C. Paulson and A. Smith Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference, Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. 

37. D. W. Keith. (2001). GeoengineeringNature409: 420. 


28. D. W. Keith. (2000). The Earth is Not Yet an ArtifactIEEE Technology and Society Magazine19: 25-28.

26. D. W. Keith. (2000). Geoengineering the Climate: History and ProspectAnnual Review of Energy and the Environment25: 245-284.


16. D. W. Keith. (1998). Geoengineering Climate. S. J. Hassol and J. Katzenberger Elements of Change 1998, Aspen Colorado: Aspen Global Change Institute. 


9. D. W. Keith and H. Dowlatabadi. (1992). A Serious Look at GeoengineeringEos, Transactions American Geophysical Union73: 289-293.